Working Toward Family Attunement: Family Therapy with Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Children and Adolescents

Deborah Anne Coolhart, Daran L. Shipman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations


Families of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth often seek therapy for assistance in understanding, accepting, and supporting their child. This article describes a gender-affirmative approach to family therapy and outlines strategies for addressing common challenges faced by the families of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth. Therapy begins by assessing family attunement and working with parents, siblings, and other family members to better support the youth. Once family attunement is achieved, therapy can begin to explore options for gender expression and/or transition. The therapeutic model is illustrated by applying it to case examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-125
Number of pages13
JournalPsychiatric Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017



  • Family
  • Gender affirmative
  • Gender nonconforming
  • Support
  • Therapy
  • Transgender
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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