Wideband acoustic immittance measures: Developmental characteristics (0 to 12 Months)

Joseph Kei, Chris A. Sanford, Beth A. Prieve, Lisa L. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Rapid developmental changes of the peripheral auditory system in normal infants occur in the first year of life. Specifically, the postnatal development of the external and middle ear affects all measures of external and middle ear function including wideband acoustic immittance (WAI). This article provides an overview of WAI studies in newborns and infants from a developmental perspective. Normative WAI data in newborns are fairly consistent across studies. However, there are discrepancies in some WAI measures between studies, possibly due to differences in sampling, methodology, and instrumentation. Accuracy of WAI measurements is compromised when a good probe seal cannot be maintained during testing or an inaccurate estimate of the crosssectional area of the ear canal of newborns occurs. Comparison of WAI data between age groups from 0 to 12 months reveals maturation effects. Additional age-specific longitudinal and cross-sectional normative WAI data for infants from birth to 12 months are required to validate and consolidate existing data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17S-26S
JournalEar and hearing
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Jul 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing


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