This study determines if a relationship exists between a mother's employment and the activities in which her adolescent children participate after school. The author uses panel data from the 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation with logit and fixed-effects logit models to estimate this relationship. Fixed-effects models suggest a positive relationship between maternal employment and participation in lessons after school for the adolescent children of married women and also for those with at least a high school education. Maternal employment is also positively related to sports participation for the adolescent children of unmarried mothers. First, this article shows the importance of accounting for unobserved heterogeneity in inquiries into the links between maternal employment and adolescent outcomes. Second, it suggests that high-socioeconomic-status mothers may use after-school activities, particularly lessons, as a form of after-school care, while unmarried mothers may use sports.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Sciences(all)