Which Heavy Drinking College Students Benefit From a Brief Motivational Intervention?

Kate B. Carey, James M. Henson, Michael P. Carey, Stephen A. Maisto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


Heavy drinking among college students is common and is often harmful. A previously reported randomized trial revealed that a brief motivational intervention (BMI) reduced the alcohol consumption of heavy drinking college students (K. B. Carey, M. P. Carey, S. A. Maisto, & J. M. Henson, 2006). For this study, the reseachers conducted supplemental analyses of hypothesized predictors of change using the same sample (N = 495). Greater readiness to change, higher levels of self-regulation, and less engagement in social comparison all independently predicted reductions in drinking outcomes. Furthermore, self-regulation, social comparison, and future time perspective interacted with BMI and predicted drinks per week. As expected, greater self-regulation skills enhanced response to the BMI; the remaining interaction effects were unexpected. Overall, these findings suggest that BMIs produce relatively robust effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-669
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2007


  • brief intervention
  • college drinking
  • moderator
  • readiness to change
  • self-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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