The relationship between self-esteem stability and self-handicapping was examined. Previous research by Tice (1991) suggested that people with high and low self-esteem self-handicap for different reasons: High self-esteem people do so to enhance success, while people with low self-esteem do so to protect themselves against the threatening implications of failure. It was hypothesized that these tendencies would be exaggerated in people with unstable self-esteem, because when self-esteem is unstable, people are more sensitive to evaluative feedback and more concerned about their self-views (Kernis, 1993). Results of an experiment involving 106 college students confirmed the predictions and further implicate self-esteem instability as a motivator of behaviors that serve to enhance and protect self-esteem.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Social Behavior and Personality|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology