What a Difference a Grade Makes: Evidence from New York City's Restaurant Grading Policy

Michah W. Rothbart, Amy Ellen Schwartz, Thad D. Calabrese, Zachary Papper, Todor Mijanovich, Rachel Meltzer, Diana Silver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Can governments use grades to induce businesses to improve their compliance with regulations? Does public disclosure of compliance with food safety regulations matter for restaurants? Ultimately, this depends on whether grades matter for the bottom line. Based on 28 months of data on more than 15,000 restaurants in New York City, this article explores the impact of public restaurant grades on economic activity and public resources using rigorous panel data methods, including fixed-effects models with controls for underlying food safety compliance. Results show that A grades reduce the probability of restaurant closure and increase revenues while increasing sales taxes remitted and decreasing fines relative to B grades. Conversely, C grades increase the probability of restaurant closure and decrease revenues while decreasing sales taxes remitted relative to B grades. These findings suggest that policy makers can incorporate public information into regulations to more strongly incentivize compliance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-665
Number of pages15
JournalPublic Administration Review
Volume79
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

grading
regulation
sales
taxes
revenue
food
evidence
resources
economics
Grading
Restaurants
Food safety
Sales tax
Revenue
Closure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Marketing

Cite this

Rothbart, M. W., Schwartz, A. E., Calabrese, T. D., Papper, Z., Mijanovich, T., Meltzer, R., & Silver, D. (2019). What a Difference a Grade Makes: Evidence from New York City's Restaurant Grading Policy. Public Administration Review, 79(5), 651-665. https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.13091

What a Difference a Grade Makes : Evidence from New York City's Restaurant Grading Policy. / Rothbart, Michah W.; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Calabrese, Thad D.; Papper, Zachary; Mijanovich, Todor; Meltzer, Rachel; Silver, Diana.

In: Public Administration Review, Vol. 79, No. 5, 01.01.2019, p. 651-665.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rothbart, MW, Schwartz, AE, Calabrese, TD, Papper, Z, Mijanovich, T, Meltzer, R & Silver, D 2019, 'What a Difference a Grade Makes: Evidence from New York City's Restaurant Grading Policy', Public Administration Review, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 651-665. https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.13091
Rothbart, Michah W. ; Schwartz, Amy Ellen ; Calabrese, Thad D. ; Papper, Zachary ; Mijanovich, Todor ; Meltzer, Rachel ; Silver, Diana. / What a Difference a Grade Makes : Evidence from New York City's Restaurant Grading Policy. In: Public Administration Review. 2019 ; Vol. 79, No. 5. pp. 651-665.
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