Weight status and health behaviors of adolescents and young adults with sickle cell disease: The emerging risk for obesity

Heather Strong, Onengiya Harry, Emilie Westcott, Katherine M. Kidwell, Sarah C. Couch, Abigail Peairs, Maria T. Britto, Lori E. Crosby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Historically, youth with sickle cell disease (SCD) were at risk for being underweight, but recent data suggests this population is replicating obesity trends of youth in the United States. The current observational study assessed the weight status and health behaviors of 44 adolescents and young adults with SCD via a self-report survey and chart review. Using height and weight data closest to survey completion date, 27% of participants were either overweight or obese. With respect to obesogenic risk behaviors, 77% ate fast food 1–3 times per week, 25% had no fruits/vegetables with any of their meals, 11% drank no water, and 57% watched 4 or more hours of television per day. Though more research is needed, this preliminary study adds to the SCD literature suggesting an emerging shift toward obesity in this population. As such, adolescents with SCD may benefit from interventions to decrease obesity risk factors as being overweight or obese has the potential to worsen SCD-related symptoms and complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatric Hematology and Oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Health behaviors
  • obesity
  • physical activity
  • sickle cell disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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