Wave propagation and dispersion characteristics for a nonreciprocal electrically gyrotropic medium

A. Eroglu, J. K. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


The general dispersion relation for a nonreciprocal electrically gyrotropic or a gyroelectric medium is derived in two distinct forms by using three different methods. One of them is a new method which can be used when the stratification of the layers is in the z-direction. The wave numbers corresponding to each dispersion relation are obtained in closed form. It is shown that there exist two types of waves, type I and type II, in a gyroelectric medium. The wave propagation is investigated and the polarization of the waves, resonances and cut off conditions are obtained for the principle waves. The general wave propagation regions are identified using resonances and cut off conditions. These regions are then used to construct the Clemmow-Mually-Allis (CMA) diagram. The conditions showing the frequency bands for which wave can propagate in each region are tabulated for the first time. The results presented in this paper can be used in the development of nonreciprocal devices and in ionospheric problems including radiation and scattering applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-260
Number of pages24
JournalProgress in Electromagnetics Research
StatePublished - 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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