Vicarious racial discrimination, racial identity, and alcohol-related outcomes among Black young adults: An experimental approach.

Jessica M. Desalu, Patricia A. Goodhines, Aesoon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Racial discrimination is a known risk factor for alcohol-related outcomes among young Black American adults. However, vicarious racial discrimination’s associations with alcohol-related outcomes and the role of racial identity in these associations remain unknown. This within-subject experiment study tested whether associations of vicarious racial discrimination with alcohol craving and attentional bias differed by three components of racial identity (centrality, private regard, and public regard). Method: Black young adult, at-risk drinkers (N = 51; Mage = 21 [SD = 3.02]; 60% female) completed two vicarious racial discrimination conditions (manipulated by video) followed by alcohol craving and attentional bias tasks. Results: Associations of vicarious discrimination with alcohol craving were exacerbated by high centrality and buffered by high private regard, but did not differ by public regard. No associations of vicarious discrimination with alcohol attention bias were found. Conclusion: Findings highlight the important role of Black racial identity in within-group differences in the impact of vicarious racial discrimination on select implicit indicators of alcohol risk among Black young adults. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) Public Health Significance Statement: This study identifies racial identity (i.e., private regard) as a possible intervention target, for Black young adults, to attenuate risk for alcohol use craving following vicarious racial discrimination exposure. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-294
Number of pages12
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 2021

Keywords

  • Black young adults
  • alcohol attentional bias
  • alcohol craving
  • racial identity
  • vicarious racial discrimination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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