Vertex group effects in entangled polystyrene-polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane (POSS) copolymers

Jian Wu, Timothy S. Haddad, Patrick T. Mather

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65 Scopus citations

Abstract

The linear viscoelastic behavior of thermoplastic hybrid inorganic-organic polymers synthesized through radical copolymerization of styrene and styryl-based polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane (POSS), R 7(Si 8O 12)(C 6H 4CH=CH 2), with R = isobutyl ( iBu), cyclopentyl (Cp), and cyclohexyl (Cy), was studied to reveal a significant influence of the vertex group, R. The glass transition temperatures were found to feature a strong and complex POSS vertex group dependence, with iBu playing a plasticizer-like role and Cp and Cy enhancing the glass transition. Rheological measurements showed that all of the copolymers with lower weight fractions of POSS (0, 6, and 15 wt %) followed the time-temperature superposition (tTS) principle. The rubbery plateau modulus (G N 0)was found to decrease with increasing POSS content and showed a strong dependence on vertex group, with the ordering iBuPOSS > CpPOSS > CyPOSS, indicating increasing entanglement dilution with POSS size. At lowdeformation frequencies, a terminal zone was observed for the iBuPOSS-based copolymers, like pure PS; however, CpPOSS and CyPOSS copolymers lead to low-frequency elasticity for higher POSS contents, suggesting a weak physical network, with a particular CpPOSS copolymer revealing critical gel behavior. We ascribe the observed rheological data to two distinct effects of POSS incorporation: (i) the effect of POSS grafting on microscopic topology of polymer chains and (ii) intermolecular interaction between POSS and PS chain segments. From Vogel-Tanmman-Fulcher plots of the terminal relaxation time, the apparent activation energy values for each copolymer series were found to monotonically increase with POSS content, indicating that POSS decreases rheological temperature sensitivity, consistent with tTS analysis for free volume thermal expansivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1142-1152
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecules
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 24 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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