Varying intervention delivery in response to intervention: Confronting and resolving challenges with measurement, instruction, and intensity

Edward J. Daly, Brian K. Martens, David Barnett, Joseph C. Witt, Stephanie C. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Response to intervention (RTI) involves ongoing evaluation of children's responsiveness to different levels of evidence-based interventions as a basis for eligibility determination. If students fail to make expected rates of progress, instruction is changed and, in most cases, intensified. Based on behavior-analytic models of effective instruction and research emphasizing generalizable basic skill repertoires, this article outlines ways in which educators can improve response to intervention through (a) measurement that is sensitive to students' skill proficiency and how it changes following instruction, (b) the quality of instructional materials and contexts in which students are taught, (c) the quality of practice time, and (d) arrangement of reinforcement to support maintenance and application (i.e., generalization) of basic skills. An approach that links increases in basic skill fluency to other, functional performance criteria provides the conceptual basis for specific strategies that teachers and interventionists can adopt to strengthen instruction, promote transfer of training, and monitor generalized educational outcomes at all levels of response to intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-581
Number of pages20
JournalSchool Psychology Review
Volume36
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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