Using ternary diagrams to characterize biodegradation and hydrophobic sorption of chlorinated ethenes in groundwater

M. W. Erbe, D. I. Siegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ternary diagrams are a useful and inexpensive approach to evaluate whether biodegradation, retardation by Hydrophobic sorption, or hydrodynamic dispersion causes concentrations of dissolved chlorinated solvents in groundwater to decrease with distance or time along a flow path from a continuous source, The results of a series of analytical, 1-dimensional simulations of chlorinated ethene transport and fate were coupled with case studies to show that the proportions of PCE-TCE-DCE or TCE-DCE-VC concentrations in groundwater will 1) plot at nearly the same location at the source if concentrations only decrease by mixing caused by hydrodynamic dispersion 2) under Hydrophobic sorption initially trend with distance from the source position on a ternary diagram to the TCE-DCE or DCE-VC limb, respectively and then move along the limb to the least halogenated member and 3) trend in an arcuate pattern from the source position towards the least halogenated member if biodegradation occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)XXIII-XXIV
JournalJournal of Environmental Hydrology
Volume9
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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