The deployment of long term evolution (LTE) in the unlicensed spectrum (LTE-U) has been gaining significant industry momentum in recent months. The US 5-GHz Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure (UNII) bands that are currently under consideration for LTE deployment in the unlicensed spectrum contain only a limited number of 20 MHZ channels. Thus, in a dense multi-operator deployment scenario, one or more LTE-U small cells have to coexist and share the same 20 MHz unlicensed channel with each other and with the incumbent Wi-Fi. In this paper, we present the scenario and demonstrate that in the absence of an explicit interference mitigation mechanism, there will be a significant degradation in the overall LTE-U system performance for LTE-U cochannel coexistence in countries that do not mandate listen-before-talk (LBT) requirements. We then present the unlicensed spectrum intercell interference co-ordination (usICIC) mechanism as a time-domain multiplexing technique for interference mitigation for the sharing of an unlicensed channel by multioperator LTE-U small cells. Through extensive simulation results, we also demonstrate that our proposed usICIC mechanism will result in 40% or more improvement in overall LTE-U system performance.
- 4G wireless networks
- interference mitigation
- unlicensed spectrum
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics