Use of fractals and kinetic equations to model thermally induced hillock formation and growth in thin metal films

J. Chaiken, J. Goodisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


We investigated the applicability of a model based on fractals and the Smoluchowski kinetic equations to describe hillock formation in thin metal films. We have previously used this model to analyze cluster and ultrafine particle production. We show how to extract two parameters from measured hillock size distributions which may reveal the scaling of the mobility of clusters and vacancies in films with varying hillock size. On the basis of our application of this model to certain data taken from the literature, the model shows considerable potential for being able to provide an internally consistent quantitative basis for monitoring thermally driven mass redistribution processes in metal films.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 15 1995



  • Aluminium
  • Annealing
  • Clusters
  • Vacancies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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