Urban vs. rural differences in prescription opioid misuse among adults in the United States: Informing region specific drug policies and interventions

Khary K. Rigg, Shannon M. Monnat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: In the United States, prescription opioid misuse (POM) has increased dramatically over the past two decades. However, there are still questions regarding whether rural/urban differences in adult POM exist, and more important, which factors might be driving these differences. Methods: Using data from the 2011 and 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we conducted unadjusted and adjusted binary logistic regression analyses to determine the association between metropolitan status and POM. Results: We found that urban adults were more likely to engage in POM compared to rural adults because of their higher use of other substances, including alcohol, cannabis, and other illicit and prescription drugs, and because of their greater use of these substances as children. Conclusion: This study fills an important gap in the literature by not only identifying urban/rural differences in POM, but by also pointing out factors that mediate those differences. Because patterns and predictors of POM can be unique to geographic region, this research is critical to informing tailored interventions and drug policy decisions. Specifically, these findings suggest that interventions should be aimed at urban illicit drug users and adults in manual labor occupations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-491
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Drug Policy
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Drug policy
  • Interventions
  • Poly-drug use
  • Prescription opioid misuse
  • Prevention
  • Rural and urban drug use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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