Uplink Coverage in Heterogeneous mmWave Cellular Networks with Clustered Users

Xueyuan Wang, M. Cenk Gursoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A K-tier heterogeneous mmWave uplink cellular network with clustered user equipments (UEs) is considered in this paper. In particular, UEs are assumed to be clustered around small-cell base stations (BSs) according to a Gaussian distribution, leading to the Thomas cluster process based modeling. Specific and practical line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) models are adopted with different parameters for different tiers. The probability density functions (PDFs) and complementary cumulative distribution functions (CCDFs) of different distances from UEs to BSs are characterized. Coupled association strategy and largest long-term averaged biased received power criterion are considered, and general expressions for association probabilities are provided. Following the identification of the association probabilities, the Laplace transforms of the inter-cell interference and the intra-cluster interference are characterized. Using tools from stochastic geometry, general expressions of the SINR coverage probability are provided. As extensions, fractional power control is incorporated into the analysis, tractable closed-form expressions are provided for special cases, and average ergodic spectral efficiency is analyzed. Via numerical and simulation results, analytical characterizations are confirmed and the impact of key system and network parameters on the performance is identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9416437
Pages (from-to)69439-69455
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2021


  • Coverage probability
  • Poisson cluster processes
  • heterogeneous cellular networks
  • millimeter wave communications
  • stochastic geometry
  • uplink transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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