Undermining inclusion? A critical reading of response to intervention (RTI)

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In this paper, I critically examine the discourse surrounding response to intervention (RTI), a US-based education reform that has garnered a considerable amount of attention (as well as controversy) in a very short amount of time. A multi-pronged reform effort, RTI is a tiered approach to delivering instructional intervention to students at risk, an on-going and systematic model of monitoring student performance, as well as an alternative to the ability/achievement discrepancy model for identifying learning disabilities. In this paper, I argue, however, that RTI is not so much a reform but a tactic, aimed at returning to the status quo of segregated special education and reinvigorating many of the foundational assumptions of traditional special education practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)863-880
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012


  • disability
  • education policy
  • inclusive education
  • special education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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