Ultrawide Frequency Tuning of Atomic Layer van der Waals Heterostructure Electromechanical Resonators

Fan Ye, Arnob Islam, Teng Zhang, Philip X.L. Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


We report on the experimental demonstration of atomically thin molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)-graphene van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure nanoelectromechanical resonators with ultrawide frequency tuning. With direct electrostatic gate tuning, these vdW resonators exhibit exceptional tunability, in general, f/f0 > 200%, for continuously tuning the same device and the same mode (e.g., from 23 to 107 MHz), up to f/f0 ≈ 370%, the largest fractional tuning range in such resonators to date. This remarkable electromechanical resonance tuning is investigated by two different analytical models and finite element simulations. Furthermore, we carefully perform clear control experiments and simulations to elucidate the difference in frequency tuning between the heterostructure and single-material resonators. At a given initial strain level, the tuning range depends on the two-dimensional (2D) Young's moduli of the constitutive crystals; devices built on materials with lower 2D moduli show wider tuning ranges. This study exemplifies that vdW heterostructure resonators can retain unconventionally broad, continuous tuning, which is promising for voltage-controlled, tunable nanosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5508-5515
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 14 2021


  • 2D materials
  • frequency tuning
  • resonator
  • van der Waals heterostructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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