Twenty years since Joinpoint 1.0: Two major enhancements, their justification, and impact

Hyune Ju Kim, Huann Sheng Chen, Jeffrey Byrne, Bill Wheeler, Eric J. Feuer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Since its release of Version 1.0 in 1998, Joinpoint software developed for cancer trend analysis by a team at the US National Cancer Institute has received a considerable attention in the trend analysis community and it became one of most widely used software for trend analysis. The paper published in Statistics in Medicine in 2000 (a previous study) describes the permutation test procedure to select the number of joinpoints, and Joinpoint Version 1.0 implemented the permutation procedure as the default model selection method and employed parametric methods for the asymptotic inference of the model parameters. Since then, various updates and extensions have been made in Joinpoint software. In this paper, we review basic features of Joinpoint, summarize important updates of Joinpoint software since its first release in 1998, and provide more information on two major enhancements. More specifically, these enhancements overcome prior limitations in both the accuracy and computational efficiency of previously used methods. The enhancements include: (i) data driven model selection methods which are generally more accurate under a broad range of data settings and more computationally efficient than the permutation test and (ii) the use of the empirical quantile method for construction of confidence intervals for the slope parameters and the location of the joinpoints, which generally provides more accurate coverage than the prior parametric methods used. We show the impact of these changes in cancer trend analysis published by the US National Cancer Institute.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3102-3130
Number of pages29
JournalStatistics in Medicine
Issue number16
StatePublished - Jul 20 2022


  • change-point
  • segmented regression
  • trend analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Statistics and Probability


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