Trends in the chemistry of acidified bohemian lakes from 1984 to 1995: I. Major solutes

Josef Veselý, Jakub Hruška, Stephen A. Norton, Chris E. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Temporal changes in major solute concentrations in six Czech Republic lakes were monitored during the period 1984-1995. Four chronically-acidic lakes had decreasing concentrations of strong-acid anions (C(SA) = SO4/2- + NO3 + Cl-), at rates of 3.0 to 9.0 μeq L-1 yr-1. Decreases in SO4/2-, NO3/-, and Cl- (at rates up to 5.1 μeq L-1 yr-1, 3.2 μeq L-1 yr-1, and 0.6 μeq L-1 yr-1, respectively) occurred. The response to the decrease in deposition of S was rapid and annual decline of SO4/2- in lake water was directly proportional to SO4/2 concentrations in the acidified lakes. Changes in NO3/- concentrations were modified by biological consumption within the lakes. The decline in C(SA) was accompanied in the four most acidic lakes by decreases in Al(T), increases in pH at rates of 0.011 to 0.016 pH yr-1, and decreases of Ca2+ and Mg2+ (but not Na+) in three lakes. The acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) increased significantly in all six lakes. Increases in base cation concentrations (CB = Ca2+ + Na+ + Mg2+ + K+) were the principal contributing factor to ANC increases in the two lakes with positive ANC, whereas decrease in C(SA) was the major factor in ANC increases in the four chronically-acidic lakes. The continued chemical recovery of these lakes depends on the uncertain trends in N deposition, the cycling of N in the lakes and their catchments, and the magnitude of the future decrease in S deposition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-127
Number of pages21
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Nov 1998


  • Acid deposition
  • Acidification
  • Base cations
  • Bohemian lakes
  • Chloride
  • Czech Republic
  • Lake water
  • Nitrate
  • Reversibility
  • Sulphate
  • Temporal changes
  • pH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution


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