Translational machinery of channel catfish: II. Complementary DNA and expression of the complete set of 47 60S ribosomal proteins

Andrea Patterson, Attila Karsi, Jinian Feng, Zhanjiang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ribosomal protein genes have become widely used as markers for phylogenetic studies and comparative genomics, but they have not been available in fish. We have cloned and sequenced a complete set of all 47 60S ribosomal protein cDNAs from channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), of which 43 included the complete protein encoding regions. Most ribosomal protein mRNAs in channel catfish are highly similar to their mammalian counterparts. However, L4, L14, and L29 are significantly shorter in channel catfish than in mammals due to deletions in the 3′ end of the gene. Two distantly related L5 cDNAs, L5a and L5b, were found in channel catfish. L5a is more similar to L5 in other vertebrates, while L5b showed significant levels of divergence, suggesting independent evolution of the two L5-encoding genes. The 47 ribosomal protein genes are generally highly expressed and together account for 11-14% of overall gene expression, depending on the tissues. Expression levels were highly variable both within a single tissue among different ribosomal protein genes, and among tissues with regard to a single ribosomal protein gene. Strong tissue preference expression was also observed for some ribosomal proteins. This set of ribosomal protein gene sequences represents one of the most complete sets from any single organism and will aid in fish phylogenetic and comparative genomic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-160
Number of pages10
JournalGene
Volume305
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 27 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alternative polyadenylation
  • Catfish
  • Expression
  • Fish
  • Genomics
  • Phylogeny
  • Ribosomal protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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