Expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis was adopted to address physiological changes after injection of carp pituitary extract for induction of ovulation. ESTs were analyzed from cDNA libraries constructed from mRNA isolated from channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) pituitaries before and after induction of ovulation by injection of carp pituitary extract. One hundred randomly picked clones were analyzed. Of the sequences generated, a large percentage (59%) of ESTs were identified as known genes by identify comparisons. These 59 clones of known gene products represent transcriptional products of 30 genes. The 41 clones of unknown gene products represent 33 genes. Expression of gonadotropin (GtH) α-subunit (149%) and prolactin (176%) was slightly enhanced as a result of induced ovulation. Large increase in frequencies of several peptide hormones were observed as a result of induced ovulation: GtHβ-I, 486%; GtH β-II, 933%; growth hormone, 393%; proopiomelanocortin (POMC), 345%. POMC represented about 21% of all transcriptional activity in the pituitaries after induced ovulation. This is the first study addressing physiological changes after injection of carp pituitary extract, a procedure widely used in catfish hatcheries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology