Transactional instruction of comprehension strategies: The montgomery county, maryland, sail program

Michael Pressley, Janice Almasi, Ted Schuder, Janet Bergman, Sheri Hite, Pamela B. El‐Dinary, Rachel Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


A comprehension strategies instruction program called Students Achieving Independent Learning (SAIL) is described. In SAIL, strategies teaching is long term and complex, with students taught to coordinate traditional memory and comprehension strategies with interpretive processes. Consistent with reader‐response theories, we refer to this approach as transactional strategies instruction because student‐teacher‐text transactions are the heart of daily teaching. How such teaching differs with student experience in the program is illustrated by discussing SAIL instruction in Grade 1, Grade 2, and Grade 4 lessons. We highlight the unique features of SAIL by comparing it with the comprehension strategies instruction encouraged in some contemporary basal series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-19
Number of pages15
JournalReading and Writing Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language


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