Towards a health-conscious transportation planning: A framework for estimating health impacts of active transportation at local level

Binbin Peng, Sevgi Erdoğan, Arefeh A. Nasri, Zhenpeng Zou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The inter-relationship between physical activity and health is well-documented in transportation and public health literature. Nevertheless, health impacts are rarely considered in transportation planning processes due to the lack of a robust mechanism to quantify such impacts. The Integrated Transport and Health Impact Modeling (ITHIM) framework provides an opportunity to systematically estimate health impacts of active travel as a result of variations in transportation infrastructure and policies that involve non-motorized modes. Methods: This study applies ITHIM framework to Prince George's County, Maryland, to explore potential health impacts of improved active travel through hypothetical scenarios. ITHIM integrates data on travel behavior, health, demographics, road injuries and air quality. We constructed three What-If scenarios that reflect significant increases in walking and biking –a potential result of the ambitious infrastructure plans in place at the PG County – and decrease in personal vehicle miles. Results: Significant health and economic benefits are observed under three scenarios. We observed considerable health benefits in the scenarios where we made assumptions about increased active travel and reduced automobile usage, e.g. if everyone bikes 1.5 miles and drives 1.5 miles less per day, the county will save about 35 lives and 1,443 DALYs. We also observed significant monetary values of lifesaving in the economic analysis, indicating $117 million savings in the cost of illness (COI) for scenario1 (increased walking) and $34 million savings in COI as a result of scenario2 (increased biking) and scenario3 (increased biking and reduced driving). Conclusion: This study provides insight into a better understanding of the potential health impacts of various transportation planning scenarios and provides an example for including health impact estimates in evaluating transportation policies and plans at local level. It highlights the importance of policies that encourage people to walk and bike also need to adopt measures that increase safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101231
JournalJournal of Transport and Health
Volume22
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Active travel
  • Health impact
  • ITHIM
  • Physical activity
  • Transportation and health
  • Transportation planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Transportation
  • Pollution
  • Safety Research
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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