Toward perceiving robots as humans: Three handshake models face the turing-like handshake test

Guy Avraham, Ilana Nisky, Hugo L. Fernandes, Daniel E. Acuna, Konrad P. Kording, Gerald E. Loeb, Amir Karniel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the Turing test a computer model is deemed to "think intelligently" if it can generate answers that are indistinguishable from those of a human. We developed an analogous Turing-like handshake test to determine if a machine can produce similarly indistinguishable movements. The test is administered through a telerobotic system in which an interrogator holds a robotic stylus and interacts with another party-artificial or human with varying levels of noise. The interrogator is asked which party seems to be more human. Here, we compare the human-likeness levels of three different models for handshake: 1) Tit-for-Tat model, 2) model, and 3) Machine Learning model. The Tit-for-Tat and the Machine Learning models generated handshakes that were perceived as the most human-like among the three models that were tested. Combining the best aspects of each of the three models into a single robotic handshake algorithm might allow us to advance our understanding of the way the nervous system controls sensorimotor interactions and further improve the human-likeness of robotic handshakes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6185551
Pages (from-to)196-207
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Haptics
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 17 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Handshake
  • psychophysics
  • sensorimotor control
  • teleoperation
  • turing test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications

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    Avraham, G., Nisky, I., Fernandes, H. L., Acuna, D. E., Kording, K. P., Loeb, G. E., & Karniel, A. (2012). Toward perceiving robots as humans: Three handshake models face the turing-like handshake test. IEEE Transactions on Haptics, 5(3), 196-207. [6185551]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TOH.2012.16