Three-dimensional polymer constructs exhibiting a tunable negative poisson's ratio

David Y. Fozdar, Pranav Soman, Jin Woo Lee, Li Hsin Han, Shaochen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations


Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio of a porous polymeric construct (scaffold) quantitatively describe how it supports and transmits external stresses to its surroundings. While Young's modulus is always non-negative and highly tunable in magnitude, Poisson's ratio can, indeed, take on negative values despite the fact that it is non-negative for virtually every naturally occurring and artificial material. In some applications, a construct having a tunable negative Poisson's ratio (an auxetic construct) may be more suitable for supporting the external forces imposed upon it by its environment. Here, three-dimensional polyethylene glycol scaffolds with tunable negative Poisson's ratios are fabricated. Digital micromirror device projection printing (DMD-PP) is used to print single-layer constructs composed of cellular structures (pores) with special geometries, arrangements, and deformation mechanisms. The presence of the unit-cellular structures tunes the magnitude and polarity (positive or negative) of Poisson's ratio. Multilayer constructs are fabricated with DMD-PP by stacking the single-layer constructs with alternating layers of vertical connecting posts. The Poisson's ratios of the single- and multilayer constructs are determined from strain experiments, which show (1) that the Poisson's ratios of the constructs are accurately predicted by analytical deformation models and (2) that no slipping occurrs between layers in the multilayer constructs and the addition of new layers does not affect Poisson's ratio. Poisson's ratio describes the degree to which a material contracts (expands) transversally when axially strained. Here, three-dimensional constructs (scaffolds) in polyethylene glycol (PEG) that exhibit tunable negative Poisson's ratios are fabricated. A negative Poisson's ratio is achieved by patterning individual layers of PEG with specially arranged unit-cellular (pore) structures that tune the Poisson's ratio by their geometry and deformation mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2712-2720
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 22 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • auxetic
  • poisson's ratio
  • polyethylene glycol
  • scaffold
  • tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biomaterials


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