The way cartography was: A snapshot of mapping and map use in 1900

M. Monmonier, E. Puhl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This essay is a broad-brush reconstruction of the state of American cartography in the year 1900. Our goal is a benchmark for assessing change in mapping, mapmaking, and map use during the twentieth century: a largely irreversible change readily labeled "progress" in less methodologically contentious times. By focusing on differences between cartography then and cartography now, we seek to avoid naïve assumptions about rate of change and beneficial impact. Identification of salient differences can, we think, usefully inform efforts to research and synthesize the history of cartography in the twentieth century.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-178
Number of pages22
JournalHistorical Geography
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • History
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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