The viscoelastic fiber composite with nonlinear interface

Mayue Xie, Alan J. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effective viscoelastic response of a unidirectional fiber composite with interfaces that may separate or slip according to uniform Needleman-type cohesive zones is analyzed. Previous work on the solitary elastic composite cylinder problem leads to a formulation for the mean response consisting of a stress-strain relation depending on the interface separation/slip discontinuity together with an algebraic equation governing its evolution. Results for the fiber composite follow from the composite cylinders representation of a representative volume element (RVE) together with variational bounding. Here, the theory is extended to account for viscoelastic matrix response. For a solitary elastic fiber embedded in a cylindrical matrix which is an nth-order generalized Maxwell model in shear relaxation, a pair of nonlinear nth-order differential equations is obtained which governs the relaxation response through the time dependent stress and interface separation/slip magnitude. When the matrix is an nth-order generalized Kelvin model in shear creep, a pair of nonlinear nth-order differential equations is obtained governing the creep response through the time dependent strain and interface separation/slip magnitude. We appeal to the uniqueness of the Laplace transform and its inverse to show that these equations also apply to an RVE with the composite cylinders microstructure. For a matrix, which is a standard linear solid (n = 2), the governing equations are analyzed in detail paying particular attention to issues of bifurcation of response. Results are obtained for transverse bulk response and antiplane shear response, while axial tension with related lateral Poisson contraction and transverse shear are discussed briefly. The paper concludes with an application of the theory to the analysis of stress relaxation in the pure torsion of a circular cylinder containing unidirectional fibers aligned parallel to the cylinder axis. For this problem, the redistribution of shear stress and interface slip throughout the cross section, and the movement of singular surfaces, are investigated for an interface model that allows for interface failure in shear mode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-280
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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