The vibrational spectrum of parabanic acid by inelastic neutron scattering spectroscooy and simulation by solid-state DFT

Matthew R. Hudson, Damian G. Allis, Bruce S. Hudson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The incoherent inelastic neutron scattering spectrum of parábame acid was measured and simulated using solid-state density functional theory (DFT). This molecule was previously the subject of low-temperature X-ray and neutron diffraction studies. While the simulated spectra from several density functionals account for relative intensities and factor group splitting regardless of functional choice, the hydrogen-bending vibrational energies for the out-of-plane modes are poorly described by all methods. The disagreement between calculated and observed out-of-plane hydrogen bending mode energies is examined along with geometry optimization differences of bond lengths, bond angles, and hydrogen-bonding interactions for different functionals. Neutron diffraction suggests nearly symmetric hydrogen atom, positions in the crystalline solid for both heavy-atom and N-H bond distances but different hydrogen-bonding angles. The spectroscopic results suggest a significant factor group splitting for the out-of-plane bending motions associated with the hydrogen atoms (N-II) for both the symmetric and asymmetric bending modes, as is also supported by DFT simulations. The differences between the quality of the crystallographic and spectroscopic simulations by isolated-molecule DFT, cluster-based DFT (mat account for only the hydrogen-bonding interactions around a single molecule), and solid-state DFT are considered in detail, with parabanic acid serving as an excellent case study due to its small size and the availability of high-quality structure data. These calculations show that hydrogen bonding results in a change in the bond distances and bond angles of parabanic acid from the free molecule values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3630-3641
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number10
StatePublished - Mar 18 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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