The type a behavior pattern, sex differences, and cardiovascular response to and recovery from stress

Randall S. Jorgensen, B. Kent Houston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sixty-one subjects performed a Stroop Color-Word Interference task, a mental arithmetic task (serial subtraction of 7s), and a shock avoidance task (repeating digits backward while expecting to be shocked for mistakes). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate were recorded while subjects anticipated, undertook, and recovered from the shock avoidance task, and undertook and recovered from the Stroop and mental arithmetic tasks. The results revealed that, compared to Type B subjects, Type A subjects manifested higher diastolic blood pressure during the Stroop and shock avoidance tasks and higher pulse rate following the mental arithmetic and shock avoidance tasks. No significant interactions were found between sex and A/B Type. The results are congruent with the notion that greater sympathetic nervous system activity among Type A individuals, both men and women, contributes to greater coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease in this group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-214
Number of pages14
JournalMotivation and Emotion
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The type a behavior pattern, sex differences, and cardiovascular response to and recovery from stress'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this