The School Counseling Supervision Model: An Extension of the Discrimination Model

Melissa Luke, Janine M. Bernard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is well documented that clinical supervision in school settings is underutilized. One hypothesis for this situation is the lack of fit between current supervision models that emphasize the supervision of individual counseling and the multiple roles of school counselors within comprehensive school counseling programs (CSCPs). The authors propose the School Counseling Supervision Model (SCSM) as an extension of J. M. Bernard’s (1979, 1997) Discrimination Model. The SCSM uses a 3 (focus of supervision) × 3 (supervisor role) × 4 (CSCP domain) matrix. Examples are provided for potential supervision interventions using the SCSM. Implications for training, practice, and research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-295
Number of pages14
JournalCounselor Education and Supervision
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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