The Role of Gender in the Aggressive Questioning of CEOs During Earnings Conference Calls

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5 Scopus citations


We investigate the role of gender on the aggressiveness of sell-side analysts' questions during earnings conference calls. Our tests reveal that the verbal aggressiveness of analysts' questions is significantly associated with both the gender of the analyst asking the question and the gender of the CEO fielding the question. First, we find that male analysts are more verbally aggressive than female analysts. Specifically, male analysts' questions are more direct and more likely to be followed with further questions, to have a preface statement, and to be negative, all of which are consistent with verbal aggressiveness. Second, male analysts' questions to female CEOs are more aggressive than their questions to male CEOs. Gender-based verbal aggressiveness appears to be associated with analysts' career trajectories: female analysts who ask aggressive questions have a higher likelihood of becoming ''star'' analysts, whereas we fail to find such evidence for male analysts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-107
Number of pages29
JournalAccounting Review
Issue number7
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • earnings conference calls
  • gender
  • gender differences
  • question style
  • verbal aggressiveness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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