The rise of anti-Muslim prejudice: Media and Islamophobia in Europe and the United States

Christine Ogan, Lars Willnat, Rosemary Pennington, Manaf Bashir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


The goal of this study is to determine the possible factors leading to increased anti-Muslim sentiment or Islamophobia in a comparative examination of public opinion in the United States and Europe. Secondary analyses of data from the 2008 Pew Global Attitude Project and the 2010 Pew News Interest Index, allow us to assess the role of religious practice, news interest and political affiliation in the attitudes toward Muslim minorities in several countries. Predictors of anti-Muslim attitudes include being politically more conservative and being older in all countries, and paying close attention to news coverage of the Park51 Islamic Community Center in the United States (which was proposed to be built near Ground Zero in New York). In France, but not in the other countries of the study, the importance of the respondents' religion was positively related to anti-Muslim attitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-46
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Communication Gazette
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Islamophobia
  • anti-Muslim attitudes
  • anti-immigration attitudes
  • media coverage
  • public opinion polls
  • secondary comparative analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Sociology and Political Science


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