The relationship between phonological and auditory processing and brain organization in beginning readers

Kenneth R. Pugh, Nicole Landi, Jonathan L. Preston, W. Einar Mencl, Alison C. Austin, Daragh Sibley, Robert K. Fulbright, Mark S. Seidenberg, Elena L. Grigorenko, R. Todd Constable, Peter Molfese, Stephen J. Frost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

We employed brain-behavior analyses to explore the relationship between performance on tasks measuring phonological awareness, pseudoword decoding, and rapid auditory processing (all predictors of reading (dis)ability) and brain organization for print and speech in beginning readers. For print-related activation, we observed a shared set of skill-correlated regions, including left hemisphere temporoparietal and occipitotemporal sites, as well as inferior frontal, visual, visual attention, and subcortical components. For speech-related activation, shared variance among reading skill measures was most prominently correlated with activation in left hemisphere inferior frontal gyrus and precuneus. Implications for brain-based models of literacy acquisition are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-183
Number of pages11
JournalBrain and Language
Volume125
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Decoding
  • FMRI
  • Individual differences
  • Phonological awareness
  • Rapid auditory processing
  • Reading
  • Thalamus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Pugh, K. R., Landi, N., Preston, J. L., Mencl, W. E., Austin, A. C., Sibley, D., Fulbright, R. K., Seidenberg, M. S., Grigorenko, E. L., Constable, R. T., Molfese, P., & Frost, S. J. (2013). The relationship between phonological and auditory processing and brain organization in beginning readers. Brain and Language, 125(2), 173-183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2012.04.004