The moreau envelope approach for the l1/TV image denoising model

Feishe Chen, Lixin Shen, Yuesheng Xu, Xueying Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


This paper presents the Moreau envelope viewpoint for the L1/TV image denoising model. The main algorithmic difficulty for the numerical treatment of the L1/TV model lies in the non-differentiability of both the fidelity and regularization terms of the model. To overcome this difficulty, we propose five modified L1/TV models by replacing one or two non-differentiable functions in the L1/TV model with their corresponding Moreau envelopes. We prove that several existing approaches for the L1/TV model essentially solve some of the modified models, but not the original L1/TV model. Algorithms for the L1/TV model and its five variants are proposed under a unified framework based on fixed-point equations (via the proximity operator) which characterize the solutions of the models. Depending upon whether we smooth the regularization term or not, two different types of proximity algorithms are presented. The convergence rates of both types of the algorithms are improved significantly by exploring either the strategy of the Gauss-Seidel iteration, or the FISTA, or both. We compare the performance of various modified L1/TV models for the problem of impulse noise removal, and make recommendations based on our numerical experiments for using these models in applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-77
Number of pages25
JournalInverse Problems and Imaging
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • Impulse noise
  • L1/TV denoising model
  • Moreau envelope
  • Proximity operator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
  • Control and Optimization


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