As a medium of geospatial surveillance, Web maps raise a variety of privacy concerns. This chapter explores the concept of locational privacy, the scope of Web-based cartographic surveillance, and the range of ethical and public policy issues raised by GPS-based tracking systems, community notification of sex offenders, crime mapping, traffic mapping, and online cadastres. In some cases, the Internet is an indispensable element of a potentially invasive system. In others, a website is a secondary component that raises privacy issues by promoting easier, more immediate access to information that otherwise would be substantially less invasive. If used to organize information about complaints against the police, Web cartography could even be useful in combating racial profiling, excessive use of force, and other abusive practices. Although Web maps of traffic conditions have little to do with locational privacy as long as specific vehicles cannot be reliably tracked, they have a prominent and an important role in cartographic surveillance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science(all)