The impact of co-adopting electric vehicles, solar photovoltaics, and battery storage on electricity consumption patterns: Empirical evidence from Arizona

Xingchi Shen, Yueming Lucy Qiu, Xing Bo, Anand Patwardhan, Nathan Hultman, Bing Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electric vehicles, residential rooftop solar photovoltaics, and home battery storage contribute to a reliable, resilient, affordable, and clean power grid. To accelerate decarbonization, large-scale deployment of these distributed technologies will be indispensable but cause significant impacts on the power grid in the future. This study provides the first empirical evidence of the impact of co-adopting the three technologies on electricity consumption patterns based on smart meter data of three representative adopters from Arizona. The estimated overall impact of the coadoption on average hourly net load is -0.68 kWh. An intraday consumption transfer is identified. Leveraging the three technologies, consumers reduced electricity consumption from the grid during the day and early evening, increased consumption in the late evening, and exported excess electricity to the grid during the day. We also estimate the decomposed impacts of each adopted technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106914
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Volume192
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Battery storage
  • Coadoption
  • Consumption patterns
  • Electric vehicles
  • Solar photovoltaics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics

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