The gold standard: developing a maturity model to assess collaborative scheduling

Natalie M. Scala, Min Liu, Thais da Costa Lago Alves, Vincent Schiavone, Dominique Hawkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: The overall contribution of this work is to provide a usable maturity model for collaborative scheduling (CS) that extends the literature, identifies inconsistencies in schedule development, and improves collaboration in the construction industry. Design/methodology/approach: Via subject matter expert elicitation and focus groups, the maturity model establishes five pillars of collaboration—scheduling significance, planners and schedulers, scheduling representation, goal alignment with owner, and communication. The maturity model is then validated through iterative feedback and chi-squared statistical analysis of data obtained from a survey. The five pillars are tied to the literature and previous work in CS. Findings: The analysis shows that current industry projects are not consistent in collaboration practice implementation, and the maturity model identifies areas for collaboration improvement. The study's contributions to the body of knowledge are (1) developing a maturity model-based approach to define and measure the current level of collaboration and (2) discovering the level of consistency in scheduling collaboration practice implementation. Practical implications: The findings provide a benchmark for self-evaluation and peer-to-peer comparison for project managers. The model is also useful for project managers to develop effective strategies for improvement on targeted dimensions and metrics. Originality/value: The construction engineering and management (CEM) literature does not contain targeted models for scheduling collaboration in the context of maturity and, broadly speaking, neither does the literature at large. The literature also lacks actionable items as presented for the maturity model for collaborative scheduling (MMCS).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1636-1656
Number of pages21
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 8 2023


  • Alignment
  • Collaboration
  • Maturity model
  • Schedule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • General Business, Management and Accounting


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