The electrochemical and mechanical behavior of passivated and TiN/AlN-coated CoCrMo and Ti6Al4V alloys

Jay R. Goldberg, Jeremy L. Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations


The mechanical and electrochemical behavior of the surface oxides of CoCrMo and Ti6Al4V alloys during fracture and repassivation play an important role in the corrosion of the taper interfaces of modular hip implants. This behavior was investigated in one group of CoCrMo and Ti6Al4V alloy samples passivated with nitric acid and another group coated with a novel TiN/AlN coating. The effects of mechanical load and sample potential on peak currents and time constants resulting from fracture of the surface oxide or coating, and the effects of mechanical load on scratch depth were investigated to determine the mechanical and electrochemical properties of the oxides or coating. The polarization behavior of the samples after fracture of the oxide or coating was also investigated. CoCrMo had a stronger surface oxide and higher interfacial adhesion strength, making it more resistant to fracture than Ti6Al4V. If undisturbed, the oxide on the surface of Ti6Al4V significantly reduced dissolution currents at a wider range of potentials than CoCrMo, making Ti6Al4V more resistant to corrosion. The TiN/AlN coating had a higher hardness and modulus of elasticity than CoCrMo and Ti6Al4V. It was much less susceptible to fracture, had a higher interfacial adhesion strength, and was a better barrier to ionic diffusion than the surface oxides on CoCrMo and Ti6Al4V. The coating provided increased corrosion and fretting resistance to the substrate alloys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)851-864
Number of pages14
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 2004


  • Corrosion
  • Mechanical properties
  • Oxides
  • Scratch testing
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Bioengineering
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials


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