The effects of gender composition of senior management on the economic fallout

Cynthia A. Bansak, Mary E. Graham, Allan A. Zebedee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this article, we test the proposition that the presence of women in management impacts decision-making outcomes. In particular, we hypothesize that the greater the proportion of women on the senior management team, the lower the degree of risks taken at the firm level. Using data from the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP) and the US Treasury in this study, we create firm-level gender ratios and control for firm size to assess the impact on two separate risk outcome measures. We find some evidence that financial institutions with more women in the senior management team avoided having to accept Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funds, but that the proportion of women executives has no impact on stock return volatility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1603-1607
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Issue number16
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Financial crisis
  • Gender
  • Risk management
  • Senior management
  • Troubled asset relief program (TARP) funding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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