The effects of exporting on wages: An evaluation using the 1999 Brazilian exchange rate devaluation

Bruno César Araújo, Lourenço S. Paz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The impact of international trade on wages has received substantial attention in recent decades; but only recently the specific effects of exporting on wage inequality have been investigated in detail. This paper employs the unexpected 1999 Brazilian exchange rate devaluation to identify the effects of exporting on Brazilian manufacturing firm-level wages using employer-employee linked data. We find that this export shock increased the average wage gap between the high and low productivity firms. Most of this wage increase took the form of a larger wage premium, but increased sorting of workers also played a significant role. Further scrutiny at the occupation-firm level indicates that the wage increases of managerial white-collar occupations came solely from wage premium variations. Skilled blue-collar workers also exhibited wage gains, but these gains came in equal shares from increased wage premium and worker sorting; the remaining occupational categories saw no wage increase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Development Economics
StatePublished - Nov 2014


  • Brazil
  • Exchange rate devaluation
  • Heterogeneous firms
  • Skill upgrade
  • Wage inequality
  • Wage premium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of exporting on wages: An evaluation using the 1999 Brazilian exchange rate devaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this