The Effects of Caregiving on Women's Social Security Benefits

Eric R. Kingson, Regina O'Grady-LeShane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Using data from the Social Security Administration's 1982 New Beneficiary Survey, we tested a life-course model that suggests that early- and late-life caregiving reduce monthly Social Security benefits of newly retired women workers. Each child raised was associated with a loss of $8 to $16 dollars in the 1983 Social Security primary insurance amounts (PIAs). The 1983 PI As of women leaving their last jobs to care for others were $127 lower than the PIAs of women who left because of the availability of Social Security benefits, to receive a pension, or because they wanted to retire. Leaving work to care for others exerted a stronger depressing effect on the Social Security benefits of women with low- and moderate- as opposed to high-earnings histories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-239
Number of pages10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Caregiving
  • Childrearing
  • Retirement income
  • Social Security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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