The cosmological Kibble mechanism in the laboratory: String formation in liquid crystals

Mark J. Bowick, L. Chandar, E. A. Schiff, Ajit M. Srivastava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

265 Scopus citations

Abstract

The production of strings (disclination lines and loops) has been observed by means of the Kibble mechanism of domain (bubble) formation in the isotropic-nematic phase transition of the uniaxial nematic liquid crystal 4-cyano-4′-n-pentylbiphenyl. The number of strings formed per bubble is about 0.6. This value is in reasonable agreement with a numerical simulation of the experiment in which the Kibble mechanism is used for the order parameter space of a uniaxial nematic liquid crystal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)943-945
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume263
Issue number5149
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The cosmological Kibble mechanism in the laboratory: String formation in liquid crystals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this