The concept of work compatibility: An integrated design criterion for improving workplace human performance in manufacturing systems

S. Abdallah, A. Genaidy, O. Salem, W. Karwowski, R. Shell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


In this paper, we present the concept of work compatibility as an integrated work design criterion that simultaneously improves human health and safety, productivity, and work quality in manufacturing systems. In this respect, we have modeled work compatibility as a work design parameter that mathematically integrates the energizing (i.e., system resources) and the demand (i.e., system requirements) forces in the work system. A mathematical equation has been derived for the work compatibility matrix. Furthermore, an operating zone has been developed in which there is a region of optimality for the employee to function on practical grounds with a good degree of efficiency and sustainability. An application example is provided to demonstrate the potential of work compatibility to improve productivity and quality along with improvement in worker safety and health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-402
Number of pages24
JournalHuman Factors and Ergonomics In Manufacturing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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