The Clean Development Mechanism and neglected environmental technologies

Jung Eun Kim, David Popp, Andrew Prag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) provides an institutional framework for developed countries to support projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. Are the technologies promoted those most needed by the recipient countries? We address this question by first reviewing Technology Needs Assessments prepared by developing countries, and then comparing the stated needs to the technologies most frequently promoted via CDM. While there appears to be a good match between requested technologies and those used in CDM, desired technologies such as solar energy for remote locations, biofuels, improved cooking stoves, and efficient lighting appear "neglected" by CDM. Nonetheless, a review of costs for these technologies suggests that many could be cost effective for developing countries. For projects requiring wide dispersal of household items, such as cooking stoves or lighting, the administrative burdens of CDM provide a hurdle. In other cases, difficulties quantifying the ancillary benefits of these projects hinder the promotion of these technologies. We conclude with possible explanations for why these technologies are neglected and suggestions for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-179
Number of pages15
JournalEnergy Policy
StatePublished - Apr 2013


  • Climate policy
  • Developing countries
  • Renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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