The centrosome acts as a microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) from the G1to G2phases of the cell cycle; it can mature into a spindle pole during mitosis and/or transition into a ciliumby elongating microtubules (MTs) from the basal body on cell differentiation or cell cycle arrest. New studies hint that the centrosome functions in more than MTorganization. For instance, it has recently been shown that a specific substructure of the centrosome—the mother centriole appendages—are required for the recycling of endosomes back to the plasma membrane. This alone could have important implications for a renaissance in our understanding of the development of primary cilia, endosome recycling, and the immune response. Here, we review newly identified roles for the centrosome in directing membrane traffic, the immunological synapse, and the stress response.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)