The army and chemical weapons destruction: Implementation in a changing context

W. Henry Lambright, Agnes Gereben, Lee Cerveny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In 1985, Congress directed the Army to destroy the nation's stockpile of chemical weapons. The estimate was that this task could be accomplished by 1994 at a cost of $1.7 billion. By 1998, only a portion of the stockpile has been destroyed, the deadline extended to 2007 and the estimated cost had risen to approximately $16 billion. This paper discusses the factors underlying cost escalation and missed deadlines. It examines the diffusion of control over the implementation process surrounding the chemical weapons demilitarization (Chem Demil) program in the United States. Focusing on the role of the Army and its difficulties in adjusting strategies in the face of political change from the Cold War to the post-Cold War setting, it analyzes the course of implementation through three converging 'streams of political activity.' What differentiates the federal, intergovernmental, and international streams are the nature an number of actors, and the type of pressures with which the Army must deal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)703-718
Number of pages16
JournalPolicy Studies Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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