The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap

S. S. Dhillon, M. S. Vitiello, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, Matthias C. Hoffmann, John Booske, Claudio Paoloni, M. Gensch, P. Weightman, G. P. Williams, E. Castro-Camus, D. R S Cumming, F. Simoens, I. Escorcia-Carranza, J. Grant, Stepan Lucyszyn, Makoto Kuwata-Gonokami, Kuniaki Konishi, Martin Koch, Charles A. SchmuttenmaerTyler L. Cocker, Rupert Huber, A. G. Markelz, Z. D. Taylor, Vincent P. Wallace, J. Axel Zeitler, Juraj Sibik, Timothy Michael Korter, B. Ellison, S. Rea, P. Goldsmith, Ken B. Cooper, Roger Appleby, D. Pardo, P. G. Huggard, V. Krozer, Haymen Shams, Martyn Fice, Cyril Renaud, Alwyn Seeds, Andreas Stöhr, Mira Naftaly, Nick Ridler, Roland Clarke, John E. Cunningham, Michael B. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

338 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Science and technologies based on terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation (100 GHz-30 THz) have developed rapidly over the last 30 years. For most of the 20th Century, terahertz radiation, then referred to as sub-millimeter wave or far-infrared radiation, was mainly utilized by astronomers and some spectroscopists. Following the development of laser based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy in the 1980s and 1990s the field of THz science and technology expanded rapidly, to the extent that it now touches many areas from fundamental science to 'real world' applications. For example THz radiation is being used to optimize materials for new solar cells, and may also be a key technology for the next generation of airport security scanners. While the field was emerging it was possible to keep track of all new developments, however now the field has grown so much that it is increasingly difficult to follow the diverse range of new discoveries and applications that are appearing. At this point in time, when the field of THz science and technology is moving from an emerging to a more established and interdisciplinary field, it is apt to present a roadmap to help identify the breadth and future directions of the field. The aim of this roadmap is to present a snapshot of the present state of THz science and technology in 2017, and provide an opinion on the challenges and opportunities that the future holds. To be able to achieve this aim, we have invited a group of international experts to write 18 sections that cover most of the key areas of THz science and technology. We hope that The 2017 Roadmap on THz science and technology will prove to be a useful resource by providing a wide ranging introduction to the capabilities of THz radiation for those outside or just entering the field as well as providing perspective and breadth for those who are well established. We also feel that this review should serve as a useful guide for government and funding agencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number043001
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2017

Fingerprint

Radiation
emerging
airport security
radiation
Airport security
far infrared radiation
Submillimeter waves
submillimeter waves
touch
Electromagnetic waves
scanners
resources
Solar cells
electromagnetic radiation
solar cells
Spectroscopy
Infrared radiation
Lasers
spectroscopy
lasers

Keywords

  • semiconductors
  • terahertz
  • time-domain spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Dhillon, S. S., Vitiello, M. S., Linfield, E. H., Davies, A. G., Hoffmann, M. C., Booske, J., ... Johnston, M. B. (2017). The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 50(4), [043001]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/50/4/043001

The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap. / Dhillon, S. S.; Vitiello, M. S.; Linfield, E. H.; Davies, A. G.; Hoffmann, Matthias C.; Booske, John; Paoloni, Claudio; Gensch, M.; Weightman, P.; Williams, G. P.; Castro-Camus, E.; Cumming, D. R S; Simoens, F.; Escorcia-Carranza, I.; Grant, J.; Lucyszyn, Stepan; Kuwata-Gonokami, Makoto; Konishi, Kuniaki; Koch, Martin; Schmuttenmaer, Charles A.; Cocker, Tyler L.; Huber, Rupert; Markelz, A. G.; Taylor, Z. D.; Wallace, Vincent P.; Axel Zeitler, J.; Sibik, Juraj; Korter, Timothy Michael; Ellison, B.; Rea, S.; Goldsmith, P.; Cooper, Ken B.; Appleby, Roger; Pardo, D.; Huggard, P. G.; Krozer, V.; Shams, Haymen; Fice, Martyn; Renaud, Cyril; Seeds, Alwyn; Stöhr, Andreas; Naftaly, Mira; Ridler, Nick; Clarke, Roland; Cunningham, John E.; Johnston, Michael B.

In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 50, No. 4, 043001, 02.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Dhillon, SS, Vitiello, MS, Linfield, EH, Davies, AG, Hoffmann, MC, Booske, J, Paoloni, C, Gensch, M, Weightman, P, Williams, GP, Castro-Camus, E, Cumming, DRS, Simoens, F, Escorcia-Carranza, I, Grant, J, Lucyszyn, S, Kuwata-Gonokami, M, Konishi, K, Koch, M, Schmuttenmaer, CA, Cocker, TL, Huber, R, Markelz, AG, Taylor, ZD, Wallace, VP, Axel Zeitler, J, Sibik, J, Korter, TM, Ellison, B, Rea, S, Goldsmith, P, Cooper, KB, Appleby, R, Pardo, D, Huggard, PG, Krozer, V, Shams, H, Fice, M, Renaud, C, Seeds, A, Stöhr, A, Naftaly, M, Ridler, N, Clarke, R, Cunningham, JE & Johnston, MB 2017, 'The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap', Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 50, no. 4, 043001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/50/4/043001
Dhillon SS, Vitiello MS, Linfield EH, Davies AG, Hoffmann MC, Booske J et al. The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 2017 Feb 2;50(4). 043001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/50/4/043001
Dhillon, S. S. ; Vitiello, M. S. ; Linfield, E. H. ; Davies, A. G. ; Hoffmann, Matthias C. ; Booske, John ; Paoloni, Claudio ; Gensch, M. ; Weightman, P. ; Williams, G. P. ; Castro-Camus, E. ; Cumming, D. R S ; Simoens, F. ; Escorcia-Carranza, I. ; Grant, J. ; Lucyszyn, Stepan ; Kuwata-Gonokami, Makoto ; Konishi, Kuniaki ; Koch, Martin ; Schmuttenmaer, Charles A. ; Cocker, Tyler L. ; Huber, Rupert ; Markelz, A. G. ; Taylor, Z. D. ; Wallace, Vincent P. ; Axel Zeitler, J. ; Sibik, Juraj ; Korter, Timothy Michael ; Ellison, B. ; Rea, S. ; Goldsmith, P. ; Cooper, Ken B. ; Appleby, Roger ; Pardo, D. ; Huggard, P. G. ; Krozer, V. ; Shams, Haymen ; Fice, Martyn ; Renaud, Cyril ; Seeds, Alwyn ; Stöhr, Andreas ; Naftaly, Mira ; Ridler, Nick ; Clarke, Roland ; Cunningham, John E. ; Johnston, Michael B. / The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap. In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 2017 ; Vol. 50, No. 4.
@article{faea3787fc1e43eab31a52ebcc0e371d,
title = "The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap",
abstract = "Science and technologies based on terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation (100 GHz-30 THz) have developed rapidly over the last 30 years. For most of the 20th Century, terahertz radiation, then referred to as sub-millimeter wave or far-infrared radiation, was mainly utilized by astronomers and some spectroscopists. Following the development of laser based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy in the 1980s and 1990s the field of THz science and technology expanded rapidly, to the extent that it now touches many areas from fundamental science to 'real world' applications. For example THz radiation is being used to optimize materials for new solar cells, and may also be a key technology for the next generation of airport security scanners. While the field was emerging it was possible to keep track of all new developments, however now the field has grown so much that it is increasingly difficult to follow the diverse range of new discoveries and applications that are appearing. At this point in time, when the field of THz science and technology is moving from an emerging to a more established and interdisciplinary field, it is apt to present a roadmap to help identify the breadth and future directions of the field. The aim of this roadmap is to present a snapshot of the present state of THz science and technology in 2017, and provide an opinion on the challenges and opportunities that the future holds. To be able to achieve this aim, we have invited a group of international experts to write 18 sections that cover most of the key areas of THz science and technology. We hope that The 2017 Roadmap on THz science and technology will prove to be a useful resource by providing a wide ranging introduction to the capabilities of THz radiation for those outside or just entering the field as well as providing perspective and breadth for those who are well established. We also feel that this review should serve as a useful guide for government and funding agencies.",
keywords = "semiconductors, terahertz, time-domain spectroscopy",
author = "Dhillon, {S. S.} and Vitiello, {M. S.} and Linfield, {E. H.} and Davies, {A. G.} and Hoffmann, {Matthias C.} and John Booske and Claudio Paoloni and M. Gensch and P. Weightman and Williams, {G. P.} and E. Castro-Camus and Cumming, {D. R S} and F. Simoens and I. Escorcia-Carranza and J. Grant and Stepan Lucyszyn and Makoto Kuwata-Gonokami and Kuniaki Konishi and Martin Koch and Schmuttenmaer, {Charles A.} and Cocker, {Tyler L.} and Rupert Huber and Markelz, {A. G.} and Taylor, {Z. D.} and Wallace, {Vincent P.} and {Axel Zeitler}, J. and Juraj Sibik and Korter, {Timothy Michael} and B. Ellison and S. Rea and P. Goldsmith and Cooper, {Ken B.} and Roger Appleby and D. Pardo and Huggard, {P. G.} and V. Krozer and Haymen Shams and Martyn Fice and Cyril Renaud and Alwyn Seeds and Andreas St{\"o}hr and Mira Naftaly and Nick Ridler and Roland Clarke and Cunningham, {John E.} and Johnston, {Michael B.}",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1088/1361-6463/50/4/043001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "50",
journal = "Journal Physics D: Applied Physics",
issn = "0022-3727",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap

AU - Dhillon, S. S.

AU - Vitiello, M. S.

AU - Linfield, E. H.

AU - Davies, A. G.

AU - Hoffmann, Matthias C.

AU - Booske, John

AU - Paoloni, Claudio

AU - Gensch, M.

AU - Weightman, P.

AU - Williams, G. P.

AU - Castro-Camus, E.

AU - Cumming, D. R S

AU - Simoens, F.

AU - Escorcia-Carranza, I.

AU - Grant, J.

AU - Lucyszyn, Stepan

AU - Kuwata-Gonokami, Makoto

AU - Konishi, Kuniaki

AU - Koch, Martin

AU - Schmuttenmaer, Charles A.

AU - Cocker, Tyler L.

AU - Huber, Rupert

AU - Markelz, A. G.

AU - Taylor, Z. D.

AU - Wallace, Vincent P.

AU - Axel Zeitler, J.

AU - Sibik, Juraj

AU - Korter, Timothy Michael

AU - Ellison, B.

AU - Rea, S.

AU - Goldsmith, P.

AU - Cooper, Ken B.

AU - Appleby, Roger

AU - Pardo, D.

AU - Huggard, P. G.

AU - Krozer, V.

AU - Shams, Haymen

AU - Fice, Martyn

AU - Renaud, Cyril

AU - Seeds, Alwyn

AU - Stöhr, Andreas

AU - Naftaly, Mira

AU - Ridler, Nick

AU - Clarke, Roland

AU - Cunningham, John E.

AU - Johnston, Michael B.

PY - 2017/2/2

Y1 - 2017/2/2

N2 - Science and technologies based on terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation (100 GHz-30 THz) have developed rapidly over the last 30 years. For most of the 20th Century, terahertz radiation, then referred to as sub-millimeter wave or far-infrared radiation, was mainly utilized by astronomers and some spectroscopists. Following the development of laser based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy in the 1980s and 1990s the field of THz science and technology expanded rapidly, to the extent that it now touches many areas from fundamental science to 'real world' applications. For example THz radiation is being used to optimize materials for new solar cells, and may also be a key technology for the next generation of airport security scanners. While the field was emerging it was possible to keep track of all new developments, however now the field has grown so much that it is increasingly difficult to follow the diverse range of new discoveries and applications that are appearing. At this point in time, when the field of THz science and technology is moving from an emerging to a more established and interdisciplinary field, it is apt to present a roadmap to help identify the breadth and future directions of the field. The aim of this roadmap is to present a snapshot of the present state of THz science and technology in 2017, and provide an opinion on the challenges and opportunities that the future holds. To be able to achieve this aim, we have invited a group of international experts to write 18 sections that cover most of the key areas of THz science and technology. We hope that The 2017 Roadmap on THz science and technology will prove to be a useful resource by providing a wide ranging introduction to the capabilities of THz radiation for those outside or just entering the field as well as providing perspective and breadth for those who are well established. We also feel that this review should serve as a useful guide for government and funding agencies.

AB - Science and technologies based on terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation (100 GHz-30 THz) have developed rapidly over the last 30 years. For most of the 20th Century, terahertz radiation, then referred to as sub-millimeter wave or far-infrared radiation, was mainly utilized by astronomers and some spectroscopists. Following the development of laser based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy in the 1980s and 1990s the field of THz science and technology expanded rapidly, to the extent that it now touches many areas from fundamental science to 'real world' applications. For example THz radiation is being used to optimize materials for new solar cells, and may also be a key technology for the next generation of airport security scanners. While the field was emerging it was possible to keep track of all new developments, however now the field has grown so much that it is increasingly difficult to follow the diverse range of new discoveries and applications that are appearing. At this point in time, when the field of THz science and technology is moving from an emerging to a more established and interdisciplinary field, it is apt to present a roadmap to help identify the breadth and future directions of the field. The aim of this roadmap is to present a snapshot of the present state of THz science and technology in 2017, and provide an opinion on the challenges and opportunities that the future holds. To be able to achieve this aim, we have invited a group of international experts to write 18 sections that cover most of the key areas of THz science and technology. We hope that The 2017 Roadmap on THz science and technology will prove to be a useful resource by providing a wide ranging introduction to the capabilities of THz radiation for those outside or just entering the field as well as providing perspective and breadth for those who are well established. We also feel that this review should serve as a useful guide for government and funding agencies.

KW - semiconductors

KW - terahertz

KW - time-domain spectroscopy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85008943059&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85008943059&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6463/50/4/043001

DO - 10.1088/1361-6463/50/4/043001

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85008943059

VL - 50

JO - Journal Physics D: Applied Physics

JF - Journal Physics D: Applied Physics

SN - 0022-3727

IS - 4

M1 - 043001

ER -