Testing and Reducing VOC Emissions from Building Materials and Furniture

Jianshun Jensen Zhang, Wenhao Chen, Ningrui Liu, Bing Beverly Guo, Yinping Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter


Labeling and certification for low-emission building materials and furniture is an effective source control strategy for reducing indoor air pollution. The labeling and certification programs rely on the results from standardized environmental chamber tests to measure the emission rates of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and assess their impact on indoor air quality (IAQ). In this chapter, we first introduce the fundamental principles, methods, and procedures of environmental chamber testing of VOC emissions and then discuss how the chamber test results are applied in various labeling and certification programs including the process, criteria, and the corresponding standard environmental chamber testing methods. Examples are drawn from widely used material emission testing and labeling programs. Sufficient details on the emission test methods and procedures are provided for readers to develop practical applications as well as a comprehensive understanding and appreciation of the principles and processes of material emission testing and labeling. For detailed implementation, readers are referred to product-specific testing methods and labeling programs that match their interests and needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Indoor Air Quality
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages46
ISBN (Electronic)9789811676802
ISBN (Print)9789811676796
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Emission test standard
  • Environmental chamber
  • Green buildings
  • Labeling programs
  • Source control
  • Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Medicine


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