Terrorism and cardiovascular responses to acute stress in children

Brooks B Gump, Jacki Reihman, Paul Stewart, Ed Lonky, Tom Darvill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of studies have considered whether background stress affects cardiovascular responses to acute stress tasks. The present study considers the effect of a potent background stressor with a clear onset, namely the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Specifically, the authors investigated differences among 9.5-year-old children tested before (N = 30) and then following (N = 20) the 9/11 attacks. In addition, a majority of these children (N = 37) were retested approximately 1 year later (i.e., before and after 9/11/2002). Children tested directly following 9/11/2001 exhibited significantly greater stroke volume and cardiac output responses to acute stress tasks compared with their responses 1 year later, and this change in reactivity differed significantly from the change in reactivity exhibited by children tested before 9/11/2001 and again 1 year later. These results suggest that a potent background stressor can temporarily heighten some children's cardiovascular responses to subsequent acute stressors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-600
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Terrorism
September 11 Terrorist Attacks
Cardiac Output
Stroke Volume

Keywords

  • Acute stress
  • Cardiovascular reactivity
  • Terrorism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Terrorism and cardiovascular responses to acute stress in children. / Gump, Brooks B; Reihman, Jacki; Stewart, Paul; Lonky, Ed; Darvill, Tom.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 24, No. 6, 11.2005, p. 594-600.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gump, BB, Reihman, J, Stewart, P, Lonky, E & Darvill, T 2005, 'Terrorism and cardiovascular responses to acute stress in children', Health Psychology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 594-600. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.24.6.594
Gump, Brooks B ; Reihman, Jacki ; Stewart, Paul ; Lonky, Ed ; Darvill, Tom. / Terrorism and cardiovascular responses to acute stress in children. In: Health Psychology. 2005 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 594-600.
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